Synthetic Phonics is a system designed to break down the English language into decodable letters and sounds. At St Veronica's we primarily follow the Governments Letters and Sounds scheme of work while borrowing actions from the Jolly Phonics teaching scheme in Reception. The letters and groups of letters are defined as phonemes when they are heard, and graphemes when they are written down.
Phase 1 is delivered in pre-school settings, and this teaches sound recognition rather than reading and writing skills.
In Reception, therefore, children begin on Phase 2 which teaches the following sounds: Set 1: s, a, t, p, Set 2: i, n, m, d; Set 3: g, o, c, k: Set 4; ck, e, u, r.; Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss. This takes approximately 6 weeks and will be revisited until children are secure.
Phase 3, which is longer, covers the following sounds: j, v, w, x y, z, zz, qu,ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er.
Phase 4 is a recap - revising these sounds and introducing compound ( 2 or more syllable) words. This is first taught in Reception and revisited at the start of Year 1.
Phase 5, which is taught throughout Year 1, covers the following sounds: ay (day) ou (out) ie (tie) ea (east) oy (boy) ir (girl) ue (blue) aw (saw) wh (when) ph (photo) ew (new) oe (toe) au (Paul) Split digraphs a-e (make) e-e (these) i-e (like) o-e (home) u-e (rule). In addition children are taught new pronunciations for known graphemes: i (fin, find), o (hot, cold), c (cat, cent), g (got, giant), ow (cow, blow), ie (tie, field), ea (eat, bread), er (farmer, her), a (hat, what), y (yes, by, very), ch (chin, school, chef), ou (out, shoulder, could, you)
Click on the link below, which takes you to a YouTube video showing how each of the graphemes sound: